Among other things, Russian electronic warfare (including interference) poses a major threat to civil aviation, police, and peacetime medical operations.
Experts distinguish between disruptors and identity theft. Therefore, if electronic noise caused by jammers disrupts GPS services, identity theft will involve deception and manipulation of satellite navigation systems to provide false data.
In late June 2019, the Times of Israel reported that since last spring, pilots flying around the Middle East, especially Syria, noticed that their GPS systems showed wrong locations or stopped working altogether.
According to data collected by American researchers, the satellite navigation signals that disrupted (allegedly until now) aircraft flying in Israeli airspace came from the Russian air base in Khmemim, Russia. Syria.
Khmeimim Air Force Base has advanced Russian military hardware, including S-400 surface-to-air missile batteries, Pantsir-S1 air defense system and Su-57 stealth fighter
Russia is most likely to seek to protect its forces in Syria by intervening and launching active electronic warfare, including from drone attacks. According to the National Interest newspaper, Israeli sources are “increasingly convinced” that the GPS failure of civil aviation in the region “is a side effect of Russian radio interference in Syria”.
In recent years, ships have also reported the presence of GPS Jammers in the eastern Mediterranean region, and Russia is suspected of using electronic jammers to protect troops fighting for the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria.
However, the interference is most likely the result of identity theft. The vessel that posted the GPS problem at the US Coast Guard Navigation Center reported that the satellite signal seemed real but could not receive reliable positioning information, echoing the deception incident. The identity is in a Russian air base near Syria.
Moscow is believed to be trying to interfere with Western aircraft, including the latest F-22 and F-35 stealth fighters and armed drones that regularly attempt to attack Russia’s Khmeimim base in Latakia, Syria.
As of April 2019, the U.S. Air Force has deployed F-22 and F-35 stealth fighters to Qatar and the United Arab Emirates respectively. In the context of the US-Iran conflict in the region, this is part of a larger force buildup.
Russia can also be seen in the GPS war on the European continent. The Ministry of Defense pointed out earlier: "In a large-scale NATO Trident junction exercise held in Norway at the end of October 2018, GPS signal interference was detected for the first time." News.
The Norwegian military intelligence agency subsequently said that it had recorded the source of interference from a Russian military base on the fortified Kola Peninsula. The Finnish military intelligence agency also stated that the analysis of the Norwegian partner reflects its own investigation and assessment.
The Norwegian government condemned the Russian government's continued "electronic harassment" of critical communication systems and networks. "The Norwegian government hates Russia's electronic jamming operations and is strengthening cooperation with Nordic partner countries to improve intelligence sharing on Russian military signal interception technology and measures," Bakke-Norwegian Defense Minister Jensen.
The Norwegian Armed Forces are also exploring the use of new methods and technologies to protect themselves from military communications interference and Russian interference with GPS jammer systems. The US Air Force is currently planning to test an anti-jamming GPS system in Europe. The purpose of this is to counter Russia's electronic warfare.